CFR – Code of Federal Regulations
Title 29
Part 1910.132 (2008)
Personal Protective Equipment
General requirements

[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 29, Volume 5]
[Revised as of July 1, 2008]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 29CFR1910.132]

[Page 416-417]
                             TITLE 29--LABOR
                                OF LABOR
                 Subpart I_Personal Protective Equipment
Sec. 1910.132  General requirements.

    Authority: Sections 4, 6, and 8 of the Occupational Safety and 
Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 653, 655, and 657); Secretary of Labor's 
Order No. 12-71 (36 FR 8754), 8-76 (41 FR 25059), 9-83 (48 FR 35736), 1-
90 (55 FR 9033), 6-96 (62 FR 111), 3-2000 (65 FR 50017), 5-2002 (67 FR 
65008), or 5-2007 (72 FR 31160), as applicable, and 29 CFR Part 1911.

    (a) Application. Protective equipment, including personal protective 
equipment for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, 
respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be 
provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition 
wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or 
environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical 
irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or 
impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, 
inhalation or physical contact.
    (b) Employee-owned equipment. Where employees provide their own 
protective equipment, the employer shall be responsible to assure its 
adequacy, including proper maintenance, and sanitation of such 
    (c) Design. All personal protective equipment shall be of safe 
design and construction for the work to be performed.
    (d) Hazard assessment and equipment selection. (1) The employer 
shall assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present, or are 
likely to be present, which necessitate the use of personal protective 
equipment (PPE). If such hazards are present, or likely to be present, 
the employer shall:
    (i) Select, and have each affected employee use, the types of PPE 
that will protect the affected employee from the hazards identified in 
the hazard assessment;
    (ii) Communicate selection decisions to each affected employee; and,
    (iii) Select PPE that properly fits each affected employee.
    Note: Non-mandatory Appendix B contains an example of procedures 
that would comply with the requirement for a hazard assessment.
    (2) The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard 
assessment has been performed through a written certification that 
identifies the workplace evaluated; the person certifying that the 
evaluation has been performed; the date(s) of the hazard assessment; 
and, which identifies the document as a certification of hazard 
    (e) Defective and damaged equipment. Defective or damaged personal 
protective equipment shall not be used.
    (f) Training. (1) The employer shall provide training to each 
employee who is required by this section to use PPE. Each such employee 
shall be trained to know at least the following:
    (i) When PPE is necessary;
    (ii) What PPE is necessary;
    (iii) How to properly don, doff, adjust, and wear PPE;
    (iv) The limitations of the PPE; and,
    (v) The proper care, maintenance, useful life and disposal of the 
    (2) Each affected employee shall demonstrate an understanding of the 
training specified in paragraph (f)(1) of this section, and the ability 
to use PPE properly, before being allowed to perform work requiring the 
use of PPE.

[[Page 417]]

    (3) When the employer has reason to believe that any affected 
employee who has already been trained does not have the understanding 
and skill required by paragraph (f)(2) of this section, the employer 
shall retrain each such employee. Circumstances where retraining is 
required include, but are not limited to, situations where:
    (i) Changes in the workplace render previous training obsolete; or
    (ii) Changes in the types of PPE to be used render previous training 
obsolete; or
    (iii) Inadequacies in an affected employee's knowledge or use of 
assigned PPE indicate that the employee has not retained the requisite 
understanding or skill.
    (4) The employer shall verify that each affected employee has 
received and understood the required training through a written 
certification that contains the name of each employee trained, the 
date(s) of training, and that identifies the subject of the 
    (g) Paragraphs (d) and (f) of this section apply only to  Sec. Sec. 
1910.133, 1910.135, 1919.136, and 1910.138. Parpagraphs (d) and (f) of 
this section do not apply to  Sec.Sec. 1910.134 and 1910.137.
    (h) Payment for protective equipment.
    (1) Except as provided by paragraphs (h)(2) through (h)(6) of this 
section, the protective equipment, including personal protective 
equipment (PPE), used to comply with this part, shall be provided by the 
employer at no cost to employees.
    (2) The employer is not required to pay for non-specialty safety- 
toe protective footwear (including steel-toe shoes or steel-toe boots) 
and non-specialty prescription safety eyewear, provided that the 
employer permits such items to be worn off the job-site.
    (3) When the employer provides metatarsal guards and allows the 
employee, at his or her request, to use shoes or boots with built-in 
metatarsal protection, the employer is not required to reimburse the 
employee for the shoes or boots.
    (4) The employer is not required to pay for:
    (i) The logging boots required by 29 CFR 1910.266(d)(1)(v);
    (ii) Everyday clothing, such as long-sleeve shirts, long pants, 
street shoes, and normal work boots; or
    (iii) Ordinary clothing, skin creams, or other items, used solely 
for protection from weather, such as winter coats, jackets, gloves, 
parkas, rubber boots, hats, raincoats, ordinary sunglasses, and 
    (5) The employer must pay for replacement PPE, except when the 
employee has lost or intentionally damaged the PPE.
    (6) Where an employee provides adequate protective equipment he or 
she owns pursuant to paragraph (b) of this section, the employer may 
allow the employee to use it and is not required to reimburse the 
employee for that equipment. The employer shall not require an employee 
to provide or pay for his or her own PPE, unless the PPE is excepted by 
paragraphs (h)(2) through (h)(5) of this section.
    (7) This paragraph (h) shall become effective on February 13, 2008. 
Employers must implement the PPE payment requirements no later than May 
15, 2008.

    Note to Sec. 1910.132(h): When the provisions of another OSHA 
standard specify whether or not the employer must pay for specific 
equipment, the payment provisions of that standard shall prevail.

[39 FR 23502, June 27, 1974, as amended at 59 FR 16334, Apr. 6, 1994; 59 
FR 33910, July 1, 1994; 73 FR 64428, Nov. 15, 2007]

Revised July 1, 2008

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